KWNC Presents 3 Research Outputs & Reveals Health Status of Local Communities

  • The government, social service organisations and gaming companies suppor

  • Group photo of KWNC representatives and guests

  • Leong Sok Man hosts the press conference and the three Research Project

  • Leong Sok Man

  • Wang Hui

  • Chao Ka Kei

  • Wu Jianwei

Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau (KWNC) held “2020/2021 Academic Year Research Output Press Conference” on the 14th January in the College’s Lecture Theatre, during the conference, three research outputs were presented, i.e. “Research on Prevention of Novel Coronavirus Infection (NCI) among Casino Workers in Macao”, “A Survey on Cognitive Frailty in Elderly Population in a Community of Macao”, and sponsored by the Social Welfare Bureau, “A Survey on Knowledge and Attitudes about Dementia in the General Public of Macau”, which illustrated the health status of current communities in Macao.

KWNC Lecturers and Project Leaders Wang Hui, Chao Ka Kei, and Wu Jianwei, presented three research outputs separately. The “Research on Prevention of Novel Coronavirus Infection (NCI) among Casino Workers in Macao” demonstrated that these workers were more compliant with novel coronavirus prevention, particularly, for wearing a mask and washing hands after returning home etc.. The most direct influencing factors were the provision of health information, protection materials and corporate training, while public prevention policies might affect the implementation of these measures. In addition, more than 80% of the participants demonstrated that they had adequate health literacy, these were essential encouraging factors of effective epidemic prevention. Wang Hui expressed that the research was conducted with the support and coordination of six local gaming companies, the questionnaires collected had relatively high reliability and validity. The results depicted the actual epidemic prevention of the most densely populated group and monitored the effectiveness of Macao’s pandemic prevention measures. Although the research results were positive, she emphasised that the importance of multi-level concerted prevention in public health by the government, organisations and individuals. It was also necessary to pay attention to groups with lower education levels, therefore, the public’s awareness, prevention and control of new infectious disease could be improved.    

“A Survey on Cognitive Frailty in Elderly Population in a Community of Macao” and “A Survey on Knowledge and Attitudes about Dementia in the General Public of Macau” both are research projects of the College’s “Benevolence Lights up my Later Life”, focusing on the domain of dementia care. The former was to comprehend cognitive frailty of older adults in Macao, and intervene in an early stage to achieve healthy aging. The latter was to respond to the Special Administrative Region (SAR) government’s recommendation on building a “dementia friendly community”, review the World Health Organization’s recommendation regarding to enhance the awareness and attitudes towards dementia of seven priority groups.

The older persons of Seac Pai Van community were participants in the “A Survey on Cognitive Frailty in Elderly Population in a Community of Macao” and they had body and cognitive checks. The results indicated that most of them had good physical ability with normal cognitive ability. However, 23%, i.e. one out of four older adults were in the early stage of being frail. For those who had symptoms of depression and had self-assessment as poor health, had a higher risk of being frail. Additionally, 12% of seniors had cognitive decline, which was about one in eight persons. Female participants, underweight participants, and the lower the senior’s education level and those who did not continue to study, the higher the risk of cognitive decline. Failure to improve these frail conditions can lead to undesirable results such as illness, disability and even death, these increase the burden on the medical sector and caregivers. Yet, frail conditions are not irreversible, Chao Ka Kei pointed out that early recognition of their symptoms and early intervention helped with healthy ageing, for instance, pay attention to whether older adults became slow walkers, lack of strength in their arms and legs, poor speech, and the brain’s executive functions deteriorate. They should stay in a good mood, have a balanced diet, avoid having excessive bland food and avoid extreme loss of weight. We should encourage seniors to continue to study.

Participants of “A Survey on Knowledge and Attitudes about Dementia in the General Public of Macau” were police officers, bank employees, bus drivers, building management caretakers, secondary school students, college students, and retired seniors. Results demonstrated that overall, the participants had fundamental knowledge of dementia and the ability to recognize its symptoms, particularly female participants and those who had been in contact and had experiences in looking after dementia patients. However, overall participants had limited knowledge of risk factors of the syndrome, and it was often misunderstood that dementia was part of normal ageing. Abovementioned seven categories of participants had relatively positive attitudes towards the interaction and care methods for dementia patients. However, there was still a perspective of “paternalistic” care, i.e. dementia patients needed to be taken care of like children. Wu Jianwei pointed out that it was easy to overlook the parts of building self-confidence and maintaining mental health. He suggested to appropriately involve them in more decision making regarding their own health care. This could respect the rights of patients and improve the quality of care. He also mentioned that the research revealed the needs of different groups of people. It was necessary not only to provide dementia related education to the public, yet also to create a social atmosphere that understand and accept seniors with dementia and actively support the construction of a dementia-friendly community.  

KWNC plans to launch corresponding training courses related to the findings of the three research outputs. Executive Officer of Research Management & Development Department Leong Sok Man mentioned that in order to deepen the research on dementia care, The "Cross-regional Multi-Centre Collaborative Support for Dementia Caregivers Research Project" would be launched soon. Moreover, KWNC is preparing to present series of research outputs of great public concern and relating to “Adolescent Sexual Health” and “End of Life Care”.

Guests that attended the research output press conference included, as representatives of the government, IAS Senior Service Division Head Ms. Kam Kit Leng, CPSP Chief Superintendent Mr. Ma Chio Hong, as representatives of gaming companies, Vice Chairman and Executive Director of Wynn Macau Ms. Linda Chen, Executive Vice President of Human Resources, MGM Ms. Wendy Yu, Vice President, HR Services & Analytics, Melco Resorts & Entertainment Ms. Catherine Chan, Assistant Vice President, Community Relations, Public Relations, GEG Ms. Catherine Iu, Executive Director of Research, Planning and Strategy of Wynn Macau & Wynn Palace Dr. Jason Ni, Director, Talent Development & Culture, Human Resources, SJM Mr. Marcos Lai, Team Member Health Support Manager of Sands China Ltd. Ms. Cally Woo, as representatives of social service organisations, UGAMM President Ms. Ng Siu Lai, Women's General Association of Macau Vice-Chairwoman Ms. Chan Oi Chi, Lok In Elderly Service Centre of Women’s General Association of Macau’s Person in Charge Ms. Ho I Lam, BOC Lin Seng Kai Sub-branch General Manager Mr. Hor Kin Wah.