Death is a necessary stage for everyone. Influenced by Chinese culture, we often avoid the discussion of death and have little chance of being educated and reminded of the proper handling of life and death. To receive life and death education and learn to encounter death-related items enables us to face up to death, cherish everything we possess now and live well in the moment in the face of death with a healthy mindset. Compared with Taiwan and Hong Kong which are also influenced by Chinese culture, Macao is a late starter in launching life and death education, mainly in the forms of lectures and activities but a scientific system has not been formed yet. In 2013, Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau (KWNC) offered "life and death education" as an elective subject for nursing students. At the same time, cooperating with community organizations, the College participated in community activities and promoted life and death education, conducted relevant studies to lay foundation for life and death education's development in Macao. We hope to make every effort to provide life and death education for the general public and lead/promote multi-faceted and diversified activities with the research-based life and death education of the College. 

Research
Older persons are not the only group who will face death. Therefore, studies on death-related issues of different age groups were conducted. Completed studies include "An Investigation of Elderly Death Anxiety in Macao" and "An Investigation of Adolescent Death Anxiety in Macao", while ongoing research includes "The Effect of Death Attitude and Life Meaning with Nursing Students for Life and Death Courses". In addition to attending seminars, publishing academic articles to share research findings with peers, the Life and Death Education Team also published a book called "Love Life Love Action" to raise people's awareness of prevalence, education and sublimation to the third love that is to respect life, treasure love and encounter death with a healthy and calm manner through the life stories of Macao people. 
《生命如歌》作者與在場人士分享感動人生的故事-E-1024x476
Authors of "Love Life Love Action" sharing their touching life stories with the participants

Training
Apart from offering life and death education programme to students in the College, the Life and Death Education Team also provides relevant training for external parties entrusted by some government sectors, social groups and educational institutions. Since 2013, the College provides 30 quotas for students in choosing "life and death education" as an elective subject every year, and guides students to establish correct concept of death in the face of death as an essential part in the course of life with a positive manner and knowingly face death-related occurrences as well. In 2017, the Life and Death Education Team provided a life and death education training programme on "Life Facilitator" for staff of local service institutions for older adults. After the completion of theoretical lecture, the Life and Death Education Team continued to supervise students in organizing life education series activities for clients in their working institutions, enabling them to master their knowledge. In 2018, the College and the Nursing Education Association of Macao jointly organized the "Life and Death Education Diploma Course" which aimed to facilitate students' understanding of the meaning of life so as to provide more appropriate caring for the clients and to support and accompany clients through their final days. Further trainings also took place for the Drug Abuse Treatment and Rehabilitation Division of Macao SAR Social Affairs Bureau, Life Hope Hotline of Caritas Macau and the Affiliated School of the University of Macau.

Aside from providing life and death education training in accordance with diverse demands of groups in Macao, the Life and Death Education Team also provided pertinent training for institutions outside Macao. In 2017, the Life and Death Education Team offered trainings to nursing crews from the Third Affiliated Hospital (Guangzhou) and the Eighth Affiliated Hospital (Shenzhen) of Sun Yat-Sen University and the Emergency Department of the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. Life and death training also took place for Zhongshan Huayule Nursing Home to enhance staff's response capacity in the face of death.

 

 學院學生完成『生死教育』選修課設計的海報-1024       學院學生『生死教育』選修課進行死亡體驗-1024

KWNC students presenting posters
designed for the "Life and Death
Education" elective course

Students experiencing "death" through
elective  subject "life and death education"

2017年澳門長者社會服務設施工作人員生命教育培訓課程-1024 2017年澳門長者社會服務設施工作人員生命教育培訓課程學員作品-1024

"Life and death education" training programme
for staff of local service institutions for older
adults in 2017

Students' work of "life and death education"
 training programme for staff of local service
institutions for older adults in 2017

2017年中山市華宇樂頤養院工作人員生死教育培訓課程-1024 對到學院交流的遵義醫學院師生進行生死教育培訓-1024

"Life and death education" training programme
for staff of Zhongshan Huayule Nursing Home
 in 2017

Delivering life and death training to delegates from Zunyi Medical University
2017年中南大學湘雅二醫院培訓留影-小.jpg 2018年澳門大學附屬中學教師培訓-小.jpg
Group photo of training participants from the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University in 2017

Group photo of teachers from the
 Affiliated School  of the University of
 
Macau upon completion of training 
in 2018      

Services
In addition to providing pertinent training to meet with the diverse demands of organizations, the Life and Death Education Team also launched multifaceted social services. In 2015, invited by the Centre of Moral Education, Education and Youth Affairs Bureau, the Life and Death Education Team hosted a life education lecture on "Seasons of Life" for a total of 4700 of teachers and students at 13 secondary schools and elementary schools to guide teenagers to confront death with a positive manner and promote the values of "cherish life, live in the moment". In 2016, invited by the General Union of Neighbourhood Associations of Macau, the Life and Death Education Team took part in one of the activities in "Happiness in Older Adults" and held a lecture for older persons to enable them to establish the correct concept of life values in the face of death with a healthy manner. In 2018, commissioned by "Centro de Apoio à Educação – Vida Triunfante", the life education resource centre of Caritas Macau, seminar regarding "Talking about Lives and Deaths" took place for their volunteers. Collaborations with Macao Science Center in organizing parent-child life education workshop series "Passing Love and Joy" also took place. Families were encouraged to take part as a unit, with games and diversified interaction sessions, children were taught the nature of life and opportunities were created for the families to express love to their family members. Moreover, the Life and Death Education Team led professionals who have received its training, including social workers, nurses and nursing students, to organize life and death education activities for different population groups such as elderly couples, older persons at day-care centres and secondary students so as to introduce life and death education into the community.
2015年“生命四季”活動-1024 2015年澳門大學書院師生進行講座-1024
Life education lecture "Seasons of Life" in 2015

Seminar for UM faculty members and students
 in 2015

2016年為參與『樂在晚霞』長者進行生死教育講座-1024 學生在生死教育團隊指導下進行長者家庭的生死教育活動-1024

Life and death education seminar "Happiness
in Older Adults" in 2016

Students providing life and death education
         activities for older persons under the
guidance  of Life and Death Education Team

2018年「傳遞恩悅」工作坊-小.jpg

Parent-child life education workshop "Passing
Love and Joy" in 2018