Teaching & Learning

As an academic institute that integrates the Chinese and Western culture, Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau (KWNC) has a unique mission in the contemporary history and today’s social environment. The College repositions itself and aims towards the goal of internationalisation, and in recent years, it coordinates with the Motherland’s Belt and Road Initiative and development strategy of the Greater Bay Area. Consequently, KWNC must promote the language and cultural communication skills of teachers and students through a Biliteracy and Trilingualism policy. This enables students to become nurses or scholars with effective communication skills in the international and Greater Bay Area platforms.
 
Since 2006, the College established Biliteracy Trilingualism education policy. Three languages’ education is KWNC’s distinctive characteristic and advantage which reflect the college-running aims and objectives. Moreover the College created a Language Promotion Committee in 2005, which is now named as the Language Promotion Group, to promulgate the specific planning and implementation of the Biliteracy and Trilingualism policy.
 
1. Definition of Biliteracy and Trilingualism
The Biliteracy and Trilingualism policy used by KWNC involves Chinese and English as mediums in writing, while Cantonese, English and Mandarin as mediums in oral communication.
 
2. Medium of Instruction
The definition of the medium of instruction should be comprehend in various contexts, for instance, in teaching, in reading materials (reference materials), tutorial discussions and thematic seminars etc. Since 2006, at least two subjects are taught in English and two other subjects are taught in Mandarin in each academic year for Bachelor of Science in Nursing Programme (BSN). Moreover, since the Academic Year of 2016/2017, as an effort to reach the goal of internationalisation, the College has been increasing the percentage of English-teaching subjects year after year. Regarding English education, students are encouraged to listen, speak, read and practise more, at the same time, KWNC adopts a progressive approach to find language learning methods suitable for teachers and students. The medium of instruction used is based on the nature of the academic subjects and professional requirements, of which, the language habits, abilities of students and teachers concerned, level of difficulty and practicability of the courses are considered. At the beginning, English textbooks and lecture handouts were used, English lectures were delivered and then English was adopted as a medium used in examinations.
Since the beginning of academic year 2016-2017, for BSN, students are assigned to  either English-specialised Class (ES Class) or Chinese-specialised Class (CS Class). The percentage of subjects where English instruction medium was used in teaching and assessments for ES Class is 50-60%, while for CS Class is 20-30%.
 
3. Language Requirements for Admission
To be admitted to BSN, students must attain levels of competence in Chinese and English as specified in the regulations of undergraduate studies admission. Since 2006, new BSN students are required to take an English assessment test (Pre-TOEFL) and a writing examination. Freshers who either score below 400 in Pre-TOEFL or below 15 in the writing exam are required to take a 45-hour intensive English Preparatory Course organised by the College during summer holiday to improve their English. The first year students are required to take another Pre-TOEFL examination again at the end of the academic year, students who still score below 400 in Pre-TOEFL are required to take a 45 hours of English Remedial Course or external English course which is at similar level. As most secondary schools’ students in Macau had studied Mandarin during school time, therefore the students have a certain foundation, consequently there is no special entry requirement for Mandarin.
 
4. Language Training for Current Students and Staff
 
4.1  Current Students
1)  The College arranges for the BSN freshers and year one students to take a language proficiency test (Pre-TOEFL) to assess students’ English ability, and the results were used by the students for self-assessment. Those who scored below 400 were necessary to take English Preparatory Course or English Remedial Course every academic year.
2)  An English Club was set up by the Students’ Union in Academic Year 2006, it is a student-centred club, with the support of the Language Promotion Group to encourage students to study English actively for enhancement in English level and reinforce communication skills.
3)  Sponsorship is offered to year two to four students for overseas English learning and exchanges.
4)  Order and purchase books and CD-ROMs for learning English
5)  Order a database for studying English
6) Professional Communication & Academic Literacy Learning Support  (PCALLS) provides services including English learning workshops, English assignment language proofreading services, English tutoring services, and short video channel services for English studying.
7)  Organise English Café activities and arrange for foreign teachers to teach, therefore students can practise oral English in a casual and relaxing environment to enhance students' interest and confidence in using English.
 
4.2  Teachers
1) Order and purchase online training of overseas’ online education designed for the continuous professional development of healthcare professionals, which is for KWNC teachers who teach in English.
2)  Sponsor teachers to exchange or study abroad, including: UK, Australia, Singapore, and Hong Kong.
3)  Sponsor teachers to apply for English courses.
4)  Organise English Café activities for teachers to practise oral English in a relaxing environment.
5)  Order and purchase a database for English studying.
6)  Provide PCALLS, for instance, English essay proofreading services, and English learning related guidance.
 
4.3  Staff
1)  Provide English training courses (office English and spoken English).
2)  Subsidise staff to apply for English courses.
3)  Organise English Café activities for staff to practise oral English in a relaxing environment.
4)  Order and Purchase a database for English learning.
5)  Provide PCALLS, for instance, English documents proofreading services, and English learning related guidance.
 
5. English Teacher Qualification
In addition to hiring full-time English teachers, the college also employs foreign teachers to teach English subjects, serve as tutors for English subjects, and host English Café to create an English environment for students to focus on improving their English conversation and listening skills.
 
6. Language Requirements for Graduation
It is required for BSN students who had admitted starting from Academic Year 2006, to take an public English examination and achieve certain results, for instance, Mainland College English Test Band 4 (CET4) 425 points, IELTS (Academic) 5 points or TOEFL 60 points, in order for students to be conferred with a BSN graduation certificate (the graduation certificate and the degree certificate are not separated).
In order to encourage students whose scores in the English public examinations did not meet the standard, the college began to implement the "English Supporting Scheme for Students" in 2010 to reward students who completed online English practices with extra scores. Students only need to complete a total of 60 online exercises of "An English News Story a Day" in one academic year and obtain qualified scores in these exercises (50% is a pass), and they will receive additional bonus points from the college in addition to the English public examination results. The two academic years of practices can add an extra 0.5 points to the IELTS exam (academic group) or 6 points in TOEFL. Approximately 25% of students of BSN2012 to BSN2015 met the graduation English requirements through this scheme.
Since 2016, BSN ES Class students are exempted from the English public examination, while students in the CS class still need to obtain the above mentioned scores in English public examination in order to graduate.
 
7. Conclusion
The "Biliteracy and Trilingualism" education policy has been implemented for 14 years. From teaching, the performance of graduates in the public English examination and language applications after graduation, KWNC believes that the promotion of "Biliteracy and Trilingualism" is a continuous and long-term effort. The current extra points’ scheme will be improved by reforming the summer English Remedial Course to strengthen the support for students' English learning. KWNC firmly believes that provided with good educational planning, teaching materials, pedagogy strategies and teacher qualifications, the "Biliteracy and Trilingualism" policy would not increase the burden on students, yet would offer them a greater advantage after graduation. The policy itself also fully reflects KWNC’s forward-looking and student-centred educational concept.

 

 

Language Promotion Group

Updated in October 2020


English Requirements for Graduation of the BSN Programme(Applicable to students admitted in 2013 and before)
The English requirements for graduation of the BSN Programme (Applicable to students admitted in 2013 and before) are as follows:

 

1.   During the four years of studies, BSN students shall sit one of the English assessment tests required by the College and meet the minimum score requirement (CET 425, IELTS (Academic) 5 or TOEFL 60) prior to graduation.
2. Score of any one CET4, IELTS (Academic), TOEFL or MOCK CET4 arranged by the College taken during the four years of studies is valid.
3. For students who have not achieved the required score, a certificate of programme completion will be issued while the degree will not be conferred until the English requirement is met within two years after completion of the programme.
4.  Tutorials can be arranged to students on request. Mock tests will be arranged if deemed necessary and papers will be marked by external examiners.

Note: Students shall sit the English assessment test during their four years of studies. All test results obtained before admission to the College are deemed invalid.  

 
Language Promotion Group
Updated in November 2016
English Requirements for Graduation of the BSN Programme (Applicable to students admitted in 2014 and thereafter)
The English requirements for graduation of the BSN Programme (Applicable to students admitted in 2014 and thereafter) are as follows:

 

1.  During the four years of studies, BSN students shall sit one of the English assessment tests required by the College and meet the minimum score requirement (IELTS (Academic) 5 or TOEFL 60) prior to graduation.
(Note: The College started to divide students into Chinese-specialized Class and English-specialized Class in 2016. Since then, the students of English-specialized Class are granted an exemption from the English assessment tests.)
2.  Score of any one IELTS (Academic) or TOEFL taken during the four years of studies is valid.
3.  For students who have not achieved the required score, a certificate of programme completion will be issued while the degree will not be conferred until the English requirement is met within two years after completion of the programme.
4.  Tutorials can be arranged to students on request. Mock tests will be arranged if deemed necessary and papers will be marked by external examiners.

Note: Students shall sit the English assessment test during their four years of studies. All test results obtained before admission to the College are deemed invalid.  

  
Language Promotion Group
Updated in October 2020