Teaching & Learning

   1. Purpose of Assessment

  There are two purposes of assessment in this programme: 

         i. 
To facilitate students to achieve the programme objectives;
         ii. 
To assess the programme intended learning outcomes (PILO).

  This facilitation and appraisal process is beneficial to the following items: 

         i. 
To determine whether students are in the optimal education environment;
         ii. 
To place students in the optimal education environment;
         iii. 
To assess the progress of students’ study in the programme;
         iv. 
To inform students the next step of work/learning;
         v. 
To monitor whether the teaching and learning are effective.
   2. Assessment Methods
Students will be assessed by continuous assessment and examinations. Forms of continuous assessment include performance of classroom activities, tests and assignments which include report, review, case study, essay, seminar presentation, classwork, extra-curricular self study, and laboratory work. During small group activity, the work of each student can also be assessed individually. Teachers should clarify the assessment method of each subject to students at the beginning of each semester. Attendance of each subject of the programme should be at least 70%, or else students will not be entitled to the summative evaluation.

   3. Subject Assessment
All subject teachers will select appropriate assessment methods, in accordance with the nature of the subject and the above-mentioned assessment purposes, with the aim to assess whether students can achieve a certain subject’s intended learning outcomes as well as the entire programme’s intended learning outcomes as a result of the collaborative achievements of all subjects (see Table 5). A majority of subject assessments includes assignment and examination (see Table 6). These aim to assess whether students can master the fundamental knowledge in all subjects, so as to enter new stage of study. For example in Human Biology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology, examination is chosen to assess the mastery and understanding of the learned content by students. Among nursing subjects, (e.g. Fundamentals of Nursing, Health Assessment, Childbearing and Family Health Nursing, Child and Adolescent Health Nursing, Adult Nursing etc.), examination and tests are both important because there are many fundamental nursing concepts in various nursing areas which students have to master. In addition, the depth of learning can be assessed through seminar, symposium presentation, etc. By virtue of various types of assessment, the knowledge, judgment skills and problem solving abilities of students can be examined. To make sure the assessment requirement is known to all students, teachers should clearly list out all subject assessment methods and criteria for students’ reference (see appendix 1 and 2). If there happens to have continuous assessment or both continue assessment and examination in one subject, in principle, students are required to achieve a pass in both the overall results, and the subjects’ examination scores of the subject (also to fulfil special requirements stated in the subject schedule).
Along with the progress of study, assessment methods will get more varied accordingly. To avoid exerting too much pressure on students at a certain time, assessment will be spanned across the entire semester. Therefore, in terms of programme operation, a Subject Assessment Schedule is set in each semester; and joint assessment is recommended to some subjects, so as to reduce the frequency of assessment.

   4. Clinical Study Assessment
         i. 
In order to facilitate the individual development of students, a clinical assessment system by use of student’s self-evaluation and participated by both the College teachers and the collaborative institutions is recommended. Meanwhile, a combination of formative evaluation and summative evaluation as assessment method is also adopted (See appendix 3). Students can make self-evaluation through clinical learning record and reflective journal. Other assessors will complete assessment through observation on each student’s daily nursing activities during their interactive learning process. Summative assessment includes a comprehensive assessment at the end stage of each Clinical Study and the clinical assessment each semester. This aims to evaluate on both the learning process and outcome.
         ii. 
Clinical assessment is designed in accordance with the learning contents of different years of study. There are two grading results, Pass/Fail and 1~5 points, in the assessment criteria. Assessed student has to acquire a Pass in each item or at least 3 points or above to qualify a pass. Each item in the grid has its specific requirements, according to which, students and teachers may set their learning objectives and plan. The assessment rubric is designed in accordance with the framework of core competence and nursing process. It can guide students to learn and develop nursing activities in a comprehensive and systematic way while facilitating students and teachers’ understanding of the progress status and difficulties in learning, in turn to exercise appropriate remedial and guidance interventions.
         iii. 
Averaged marks of all Clinical Study will be converted to Grade, and will be calculated into semester grade point average (SGPA) and cumulative grade point average (GPA) with the result of other subjects.

   Table 5  The Overall Achievement of PILOs of all Subjects

Year

Semester

Subject Title

Programme Intended Learning Outcomes (PILOs)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
1~2 1st ~ 4th
Semester
CR0001 English I
CR0002 English II
CR0003 Physical Exercise
CR0004 Introduction to Laws for Citizens
1 1st , 2nd
Semester
BN1101 Society and Health
BN1102 Psychology
BN1112 Human Biology I
BN1113 Human Biology II
BN1114 Fundamentals of Nursing I
BN2314 Microbiology – Immunology
BN1213 Health Assessment
BN1215 Human Biology III
BN1216 Fundamentals of Nursing II
BN1290 Preliminary Clinical Study
2 3rd , 4th
Semester
BN1212 Pathophysiology and Pharmacology
BN2315 Fundamentals of Nursing III
BN2312 Childbearing and Family Health Nursing
BN2313 Adult Nursing I – Mobility and Rest
BN2391 Clinical Study I
BN2413 Introduction to Nursing Research
BN2411 Adult Nursing II – Maintenance of Oxygenation
BN2412 Child and Adolescent Health Nursing
BN2414 Healthcare Ethics and Law
BN2492 Clinical Study II
3 5th , 6th
Semester
BN3511Adult Nursing III – Nutrition and Metabolism
BN3512 Adult Nursing IV – Elimination and Sexuality
BN3513 Mental Health Nursing
BN3593 Clinical Study III
BN3611Adult Nursing V – Sensation and Perception
BN3612 Community Health Nursing
BN3613 Gerontological Nursing
BN3694 Clinical Study IV
4 7th , 8th
Semester
BN4712 Capstone Project
BN4713 Health Education and Promotion
BN4711 Nursing Management
BN4714 Nursing Profession: Trends and Development
BN4795 Clinical Study V

Elective Subject

1-4 1st ~ 8th
Semester
 Liberal Arts and General Studies
BN5001 Language and Communication
BN5002 Life Science and Everyday Life
BN5003 Exercise and Health
BN5004 English Appreciation
BN5005 Introduction to Philosophy
BN5006 Life and Death Education
 Professionaln Nursing
BN5101 English for Nursing
BN5102 Fundamentals of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Nursing
BN5103 Health Statistics
BN5104 Epidemiology
BN5106 Nutrition and Therapeutic Diet
BN5107 Education
BN5108 Clinical Reasoning and Decision Making
BN5109 Alternative Medicine
BN5111 Nursing Theory
BN5112 Hospice and Palliative Care
BN5113 Introduction to Rehabilitation Nursing
BN5114 Acute and Critical Care Nursing
BN5501Professional/ Academic Seminars (4 Sessions)
BN5501Professional/ Academic Seminars (8 Sessions)
 Clinical Electives
BN5502 Service Learning Activity (50 Hours)
BN5502 Service Learning Activity (90 Hours)
BN5596 Exchange Clinical Study (40 Hours)
BN5596 Exchange Clinical Study (80 Hours)

   Table 6  Subject Assessment

Subject

Credit

Continuous Assessment

Examination

Code

Title

CR0001

English I

2

100

CR0002

English II

2

100

CR0003

Physical Exercise

1

CR0004

Introduction to Laws for Citizens

1

100

Year   1

BN1101

Society and Health

3

100

BN1102

Psychology

3

100

BN1112

Human Biology I

2

20

80

BN1113

Human Biology II

3

45

55

BN1114

Fundamentals of Nursing I

2

50

50

BN2314

Microbiology – Immunology

3

40

60

BN1213

Health Assessment

3

60

40

BN1215

Human Biology III

2

30

70

BN1216

Fundamentals of Nursing II

2

50

50

BN1290

Preliminary Clinical Study

2

Year 2

BN1212

Pathophysiology and Pharmacology

4

40

60

BN2315

Fundamentals of Nursing III

3

50

50

BN2312

Childbearing and Family Health Nursing

3

50

50

BN2313

Adult Nursing I – Mobility and Rest

2

50

50

BN2391

Clinical Study I 

4

100

BN2411

Adult Nursing II – Maintenance of   Oxygenation

4

50

50

BN2413

Introduction to Nursing Research

3

100

BN2412

Child and Adolescent Health Nursing

3

50

50

BN2414

Healthcare Ethics and Law

2

100

BN2492

Clinical Study II 

4

100

Year 3

BN3511

Adult Nursing III – Nutrition and   Metabolism

2

50

50

BN3512

BN3512 Adult Nursing IV – Elimination   and Sexuality

2

50

50

BN3513

Mental Health Nursing

3

100

BN3593

Clinical Study III 

4

100

BN3611

Adult Nursing V- Sensation and Perception

2

30

70

BN3612

Community Health Nursing

3

100

BN3613

Gerontological Nursing

3

100

BN3694

Clinical Study IV

7

100

Year 4

BN4712

Capstone Project–Problem Solving for Better Health

2

100

BN4713

Health Education and Promotion

2

100

BN4711

Nursing Management

3

100

BN4714

Nursing Profession: Trends and   Development

2

100

BN4795

Clinical Study V

21

100

Assessment of Elective   Subjects (Liberal Arts and General Studies)

BN5001

Language and Communication

2

100

BN5002

Life Science and Everyday Life

2

100

BN5003

Exercise and Health

2

100

BN5004

English Appreciation

2

100

BN5005

Introduction to Philosophy

3

100

BN5006

Life and Death Education

2

100

Assessment of Elective   Subjects (Professional Nursing)

BN5101

English for Nursing

2

100

BN5102

Fundamentals of Traditional Chinese   Medicine and Nursing

3

100

BN5103

Health Statistics

2

100

BN5104

Epidemiology

2

100

BN5106

Nutrition and Therapeutic Diet

2

100

BN5107

Education

2

100

BN5108

Clinical Reasoning and Decision Making

2

100

BN5109

Alternative Medicine

2

100

BN5111

Nursing Theory

2

100

BN5112

Hospice and Palliative Care

2

100

BN5113

Introduction to Rehabilitation Nursing

3

100

BN5114

Acute and Critical Care Nursing

2

100

BN5501

Professional / Academic Seminars (4 Sessions)

1

BN5501

Professional / Academic Seminars (8 Sessions)

2

Assessment of Elective   Subjects (Clinical Electives)

BN5502

Service Learning Activity (50 Hours)

1

BN5502

Service Learning Activity (90 Hours) 

2

BN5596

Exchange Clinical Study (40 Hours)

1

BN5596

Exchange Clinical Study (80 Hours)

2

Remark: All subjects are given weighting 1 to calculate the GPA. The result of clinical study is also calculated into the SGPA and GPA

   5. Assessment Criteria

  (1)The following grading method is adopted to evaluate student’s study progress: 

Grade

Grade Point

Description

Percentage

Grade Distribution

A+

4.5

Outstanding

≥90

10-20%

A

4.0

Excellent

84~

B+

3.5

Very Good

77~

25-40%

B

3.0

Good

71~

C+

2.5

Satisfactory

66~

25-40%

C

2.0

Average

61~

D+

1.5

Barely Adequate

56~

10-20%

D

1.0

Pass

50~

F

0.0

Inadequate/Fail

50

0-10%

Other codes

I

Assessment incomplete

S

Absent from assessment

DX

Subject to be continued in   the following semester

W

Withdrawn

X

Subject exempted

Remark: ‘F’ is fail, the rest (from ‘A+’ to ‘D’ ) are deemed pass. The above percentage of grade distribution is for reference only.

  (2)Clinical Study Grade Result and Corresponding Grade Point:

Grade

Grade Point

Clinical Study Grade Point

A+

4.5

4.5~5.0

A

4.0

4.0~

B+

3.5

3.7~

B

3.0

3.5~

C+

2.5

3.3~

C

2.0

3.2~

D+

1.5

3.1~

D

1.0

3.0~

F

0.0

<3.0

Remarks﹕1. ‘F’ is fail, the rest (from ‘A+’ to ‘D’ ) are deemed pass.
                        2. Letter Grade is the formal Grade result; Grade Points will be used in calculation of GPA

  (3)Upon the completion of each semester, the Grade Point Average (GPA) will be calculated by the following formula:

formular.jpg

  where n = number of all subjects taken by students hitherto. For subjects which have been retaken, only the grade point and credit obtained in the final attempt will be included in calculation.:

  (4)Semester Grade Point Average (SGPA) will be calculated only according to the grade and credits of subjects in a certain semester. SGPA can only be used as a reference of the student performance in that semester. Upon graduation the GPA determines the graduation grade result.

  (5)Exempted subjects, ungraded subjects, incomplete subjects, and subjects for which credit transfer has been approved without any grade assigned, will not be included in GPA calculation. In addition, subjects from which a student has been allowed to withdraw will not be calculated in GPA.

   6. Promotion Criteria and Graduation Requirement

  (1)At the end of each semester, the Examination Committee determines the progress of study of each student in accordance with the assessment result: 

         i. 
Whether the student can enter into the next stage of study (promotion); or
         ii. 
Whether the student can be graduated; or
         iii. 
Whether the student needs to retake certain subjects, repeat certain stage of study or even withdraw from study.

  (2)A student with any of the following conditions cannot enter the next stage   of study: 

         i. 
Exceed the Programme’s maximum duration of study (>7 years);
         ii. 
GPA lower than 2 for three consecutive semesters.

  (3)If a student’s GPA is lower than 2 for two consecutive semesters, and the Examination Committee deems that the student cannot attain a GPA of 2 or above in the following semester, resolution of such student’s withdrawal from the programme may be made.

  (4)Special case of an individual student could be specially handled by the Examination Committee.

  (5)For the structure, roles and responsibilities of Examination Committee, please refer to article 10.2.

   7. Re-assessment

  (1)If a student fails in the examination or obtain a fail in the overall result of any subject, the entire subject will be considered as failed. Generally, re-assessemnt can be granted to those who fails one subject by the  Examination Committee. If a student fails in any elective subject, re-assessment is not permitted. 

  (2)If a re-assessment is to be granted, the re-assessment method should also be stated in the Examination Committee. According to individual situation, the student will be required to re-take a written examination, oral examination /or re-do an assignment.

  (3)In general, only for those, in that semester concerned, failed no more than 2 subjects, or SGPA not lower than 2, the Examination Committee will consider the reason of failure and the nature of that subject. The Committee would then decide whether or not to let the student undergoes a re-assessment, and determine the re-assessment method (e.g. written examination, oral examination, assignment, etc.); or to decide that such student should retake that subject.

  (4)Re-assessment at each semester should be completed before the beginning of the following semester. Re-assessment of subject will only be given once.

  (5)Provided that a student fails for the first time, the highest grade obtained by re-assessment can only be D.

  (6)Upon consideration of individual student’s special situation by the Examination Committee, such student can be exempted certain pre-requisite subjects and enter into next stage of study.

  (7)Provided that a student is absent from examination or under incomplete assessment because of sickness or any other special reason, and that reason of absence has been accepted by the Programme Leader, then such student is entitled to another chance of examination or assessment. And such assessment will be deemed Re-Assessment as First-Assessment, thus the highest grade obtained will not be barred.

   8. Repeat/Retaking of Subject

  (1)A student can still progress into the next stage even when he/she fails in or has not completed a certain subject, under the following conditions: 

         i. 
That subject is not specified to be completed in a certain year of study; or
         ii. 
That subject is not a pre-requisite of subjects in the next stage of study; or
         iii. 
With permission of the Examination Committee upon consideration of an individual case. (See "7.Re-assessment")

  (2)Provided that a student fails in 2 subjects or more in that semester, or SGPA lower than 2, in general, he/she will not be permitted for re-assessment. The student will be required to retake the failed subject, repeat that semester, repeat that year or even withdraw from the programme (see "6. Promotion Criteria and Graduation Requirement and "7. Re-assessment"). Individual cases will be decided by the Examination Committee.

  (3)The Examination Committee will decide whether the student should repeat the whole semester or just retake certain subjects. The student, with repeat/retake of subjects, should accomplish the subject syllabus as stipulated in the Programme Definitive Document, while the teaching mode, e.g. class attendance, extra-curricular self study, assignment fulfillment and the necessary assessment, can be managed in accordance with the current situation.

  (4)If a student fails the supplementary Objective Structured Clinical Assessment (OSCA) for the second time, in general, he/she will be not granted re-assessment. However, the Examination Committee will take into consideration the overall performance of the failed student and decide whether to request the student (a) to take part in the next stage of OSCA after having sat in the classes of certain specific subjects, or (b) to withdraw from the programme.

  (5)Student cannot retake a certain subject/repeat a certain semester for more than once.

  (6)Owing to the placement arrangement of Clinical Study Ⅴ, the Examination Committee can take special measures to those students who fail in the Clinical Study V. The Clinical Supervision Group will report and propose on the individual students’ situation to the Examination Committee, whether or not those failed in the Clinical Study Ⅴ are required to retake part or the whole of the subject. The final say goes to the Examination Committee. Upon retaking the whole or part of the subjects and finally satisfying all requirements, such students can then be awarded the bachelor degree. This retaking or re-assessment will not affect the highest subject grade the student obtains in Clinical Study V and the award rating of the Bachelor degree.

   9. Supplementary Clinical Study

  (1)In the continuing clinical assessment process, instructors have the responsibility to supervise students continuously, and raise suggestion to each student on areas he/she needs to make improvement. In the course of assessment, if some existing problems of the student will lead to clinical assessment failure, such student may be informed of a chance of a supplementary Clinical Study.

  (2)In general, supplementary Clinical Study should be discussed and decided in the Examination Committee. Nevertheless, before the Examination Committee Meeting, if (a) the clinical assessment of the student is close to the critical line of pass, and (b) the supervising teacher also regards the supplementary Clinical Study an enhancement to the student’s clinical study performance to attain a pass standard, then upon the decision together by the Clinical Instructor (College), Subject Teacher and the Programme Leader, such student can be permitted for a supplementary Clinical Study and no need to wait for a pending decision of the Examination Committee.

  (3)In the supplementary Clinical Study, if the student cannot achieve the objectives, he/she will be graded Fail in this Clinical Study. Management of such student will be subject to discussion in the Examination Committee meeting.

  (4)In the event that the clinical assessment of a certain student is too poor, the relevant Clinical Instructor, Subject Teacher and the Programme Leader collaboratively decide not to offer the chance of supplementary Clinical Study before the Examination Committee Meeting; and/or the student still fail in the supplementary Clinical Study, then the Examination Committee should resolve whether or not the above-mentioned student (a) could be provided with the second chance of supplementary Clinical Study; (b) be required to retake that Clinical Study Subject; or (c) shall withdraw from the degree programme.

   10. Special Condition

  (1)Absence from assessment: If a student is absent from assessment of a certain subject because of sickness or any other special reason, and that reason of absence is accepted by the Programme Leader, then the Programme Leader will decide with the Subject Teacher whether or not such student is required to proceed with the assessment; and if yes, in what way such assessment shall be conducted. (see "7. Re-assessment")

  (2)Under special circumstances, if a student is granted to be re-assessed as first assessment, the assessment criteria should not be changed even if the mode or procedure of assessment might be different.

   11. Exemption of Subject and Transfer of Credit

  (1)Exemption of Subject: If a student is granted exemption of a certain subject, such subject credits will not be computed into the accumulated credits of the programme. Hence that student should get other subject selection in order to attain the necessary credits of eligibility for degree award.

  (2)Transfer of Credit: In transfer of credit, a student may get the credits obtained in a recognized programme in previous study transferred and computed into the cumulative credits of this programme. And the obtained grade in the recognized programme in previous study may be carried along with the credits together. If the grade is intended to be carried along, credits acquired should normally be granted by other programme(s) of Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau or other collaborative institutes.

  (3)Under normal circumstances, transfer of credits from other universities cannot exceed 50% of the credits required by this programme.

  (4)Transfer of credits from other programmes of Kiang Wu Nursing College of Macau cannot exceed 50% of the credits required by this programme.

  (5)Only those credits obtained within the recent 8 years will be deemed valid for application of transfer.

  (6)All cases involving exemption of study and credit transfer have to be handled by the Academic Committee at which the final decision will be made according to different situations.

   12. EAnnouncement of Result

  At the end of each semester, all subject results of students in the programme will be announced in the College Intranet for students’ information; upon completion of each academic year, the College will inform each student, in written form, the results of all subjects (in Grade). Meanwhile, a student will also be informed whether or not permitted to enter the next stage of study/graduate. Prior to the Examination Committee Meeting, all subject results are deemed provisional and the Examination Committee has the power to adjust the results. Only the results formally announced after the Examination Committee Meeting are deemed valid.

   13. Right of Appeal

  (1)Any appeal submitted by student because of assessment result will be considered according to the stipulated procedures by the College.

  (2)First Appeal: Student should submit the application of appeal in written form to the Executive Officer of Education Department within 5 working days upon the official announcement of the results. The Executive Officer of Education Department will organize a group of staff to handle the appeal while deciding whether or not the Subject Teacher will be the group member, according to the nature of appeal, before making a written response to the student upon receiving such application of appeal within 5 working days.

  (3)Second Appeal: Provided that the student needs to submit a second appeal, he/she shall write the letter of appeal to the President of the College within 5 working days upon receipt of the first written response. The College President may convene an Examination Committee meeting for further investigation into the case, and may also seek consultation and discussion from External Examiners. Upon receiving the second appeal, a written reply must be made in response to the related appeal within 15 working days. And this reply will be the final say, no further appeal is allowed.

   14. Purpose of Assessment

  (1)A student is eligible for the award of a Bachelor’s Degree if he/she has satisfied the following requirements: 

         i. 
Having accumulated 137 credits (including 118 credits of Core Subjects and 19 credits or more of Elective Subjects) within the maximum duration of study and acquired all pass in pre-requisites (except the subject exemption granted); and
         ii. 
GPA 2.0 or above; and
         iii. 
Acquired all pass in clinical assessment; and
         iv. 
Fulfilled the graduation requirements stated in the Student Handbook.

  (2)The Examination Committee Meeting has negotiated and resolved that the graduation classification levels of graduates are : Excellent (GPA≥3.5), Good (GPA 3.0~3.49), Pass (GPA 2.0~2.99).

  (3)A student name list pending for graduation is subject to the appraisal of the Examination Committee, and will be submitted to the Accreditation Monitoring Group in the Academic Committee for review. Then recommendation for signing of the Certificate of Academic Degree will be submitted to the President and Board of Directors of the College through the Group.